Expert Educator Columns, Featured
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Tammy Dunbar: Learning on the Edge of Chaos


by Tammy Dunbar
Expert Educator Columnist, USA

teachergeekSuccessful learning is less about what’s memorized and much more about having the ability to make the right connections.

But should teachers be the ones making all those connections for their students?

At the CUE 2015 Conference, TED Prize winner Professor Sugata Mitra spoke about creating a “Self-Organized Learning Environment” or SOLE. As he points out, it’s often called “learning on the edge of chaos” because it requires an educator to truly be the “Guide on the Side” rather than the “Sage on the Stage.” Sugata postulated: What would happen if we presented our students with goal-oriented challenges that allow them choice and provide opportunities to solve problems on their own? In a remote village in India, he placed a computer and track pad in a Hole in the Wall three feet above the ground to see what would happen.

What Sugata discovered, as he outlined in his 2013 TED Prize winning talk and at CUE 2015, is that if children were allowed to work in groups to solve problems and had minimal supervision, there was no limit to their capacity to learn.

If we want students to become problem-solvers, shouldn’t we be giving them challenges and let them get to work creating their own connections? when-i-returnedWhen I returned to my classroom from CUE 2015, I was inspired. What if I tried a whole different approach to Language Arts? We had already taught friendly letters and propaganda as well as had a little fun with designing Wanted Posters in response to “Elena” in our Houghton-Mifflin curriculum.

We also needed to move on to our next story. With a single PowerPoint slide, I introduced my students to a test-drive of the SOLE model.

“This week, we’re going to try something different,” I announced. “No lectures or presentations from me. You’ve got four assignments for Language Arts that must be completed by Thursday so we can showcase your finished products on Friday. Let’s talk about them.” I outlined what I expected from each assignment: one and three had to be individual work, but two and four could be group work or individual work, their choice. I took some questions to clarify and then told them to get to work.

What I didn’t expect is that they immediately got to work! what-i-heardWhat I heard was the sound of collaboration.

Every teacher knows this sound. No voices are louder than others, and it sounds like the pleasant hum of a hive a bumblebees, busy at work. (Click on picture!)

My favorite response was from a student who had completed one assignment and proudly came to tell me.

“Now what should I do? Can I have free time or do I have to do another assignment?”

“I don’t know. It’s your choice. Just keep in mind your deadline’s Thursday,” I said.

And then he turned without a word and went back to his desk to start working on another assignment. I didn’t have to tell him to; he decided to.

What I saw was students focused on figuring out how to create a particular effect they wanted, intent on remembering how to insert a file in OneNote and even diving into the internet to watch a tutorial that made everything clear. They were collaborating naturally: monitoring each other’s work, clarifying details to their neighbor and enjoying learning together.

What I learned is that if we want students to become problem-solvers, we must give them some challenges and let them figure them out SOLEly for themselves.

techinjectionkahootThe 4th assignment for our SOLE week was to write questions for a Kahoot. What on earth is that? Kahoot is a fun, free online quiz site that not only contains thousands of pre-made quizzes, but also provides the online tools to create your own. Students can use their computers, laptops, smart phones, tablets, etc. to answer multiple-choice questions. Class scores are kept using a combination of how quickly they answer a question and whether or not they answered it correctly. Students enjoy the gameshow atmosphere and the exciting competition against each other and even against other classes! Go to and get a free account!

tammy2Tammy Brecht Dunbar, M.Ed., S.T.E.M. teaches 5th grade in Manteca Unified School District and Pre-Service Technology at Teachers College of San Joaquin (Stockton, CA). She will be presenting at ISTE 2015, CUE 2015 and CTA Good Teaching North 2015.                   Tammy has presented for CTA Good Teaching North (2014), Cap CUE (2014), all three California Subject Matters Project Conferences, Capitol Area Science Education Leaders, and several San Joaquin County Office of Education events as well as others. She won the 2010 eInstruction $75,000 Classroom Makeover Video Contest, wrote a successful Enhancing Education Through Technology grant for Manteca Unified School District in 2008, and was Teacher of the Year in MUSD in 2006. She is on the MUSD Superintendent’s Technology Committee as the district embarks on their “Going Digital 2015” project.

1 Comment

  1. Sandi Adams says

    Sometimes it feels like my teachers of younger students are more apt to try this approach to learning than my teachers of 6th and up. (Who are totally capable!) Good post, I am sharing with my teachers.

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